Other woven objects aside from the carpets with knots, are known as kilim, cicim, sili and sumak. The best and most widely known kilims in our country are those reflecting a tradition peculiar to them. These are woven by sheep raising nomads, from yarns made either from wool or goat's hair.
These kilims are woven as sacks and saddle-bags for the purpose of carrying provisions, in ornamenting houses and tents, and as a cover for cradles, rather than creating an object of art.
From the surviving specimens found, it is understood that the oldest Turkish covering materials go as far back as the XVI Century.
The Turkish kilims can be classified as those having or not having an indication of an altar (called 'mihrab' and meaning a niche in a mosque indicating the position of Mecca), as well as kilims of clans and of non-clans.
Due to the difficulties in the technique of weaving, mostly geometric figures have been used. Natural dyes, which are rich as regards to the varieties in colours and are more durable, have been utilized formerly, whereas these have been replaced later by aniline dyes, which are more easily applicable and are comparatively cheaper.
Amongst the Anotolian kilims there are those, which are highly known. These are usually known as referred to the name of the village, the name of the clan, or the name of the particular family weaving the kilim, or sometimes by the motifs and figures used.
The motif of 'the life tree' of shamanistic origins, which is widely used in the kilims of Western Anotolia, are also found in specimens belonging to Kayseri, Sivas and Erzurum.
In kilims of the Yoruk and Turkoman clans, a ram's head symbolizing health and power, a bird breaking news of joy and merry-making, a serpent or a scorpion symbolizing the protection against evil, have been widely used.
In some instances, such architectural motifs as a mosque or a house, and purely symbolic motifs such as a hand, have also been utilized.